Lessons of Conflict Resolution

The Central Board of Muhammadiyah in Tc o l l a b o r a t i o n w i t h C h e n g H o Multiculture and Education Trust of Malaysia, with the support from the Centre for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilisations (CDCC) have organised World Peace Forum (WPF) four times since 2006. Under the spirit of One Humanity, One Destiny, and One Responsibility, religious leaders, policy makers, intellectuals, politicians, and activists from various backgrounds and nationalities engaged in productive dialogues following their commitment to create a safer and more peaceful world for all mankind. To sustain this
commitment, Muhammadiyah, Cheng Ho Multicultural and Education Trust of Malaysia, and CDCC organised the 5th WPF. While the previous WPF focused on consolidating multicultural democracy, the 5th WPF focused on Quest for Peace: Sharing Lessons from Conflict Resolution. It should be noted that
consolidating multicultural democracy in both a d v a n c e d a n d e m e rg i n g d e m o c r a c i e s , particularly in conflict-torn areas, has always been challenged at the first place with efforts to design and implement conflict resolution. This conflict resolution, which is conceptualised as the methods and process involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and retribution, is prerequisite to the reconciliation of the conflicting parties over their dispute on values, motivations, perceptions, ideas, or desires. Various conflict-prone parts of the world such as Kosovo in southeastern Europe, Pattani in Southern Thailand, Mindanao in Southern Philippines, Lebanon, Aceh and Ambon in

Moon Center for Islamic Studies, South Korea), U Pannasiha (Buddhist monk and scholar,Myanmar), Mrs. Teresia Quintos-Deles (Presidential Adviser on Peace Process, the Philippines), Mrs. Amina Rasul-Bernardo, (President and co-founder of the Philippine Centre for Islam and Democracy), Prof. Sukree Langputeh (Fatoni University, Thailand), Prof. Mike Hardy (Coventry University, UK), Imam Yahya Sergio Yahe Pallavicini (Vice President of COREIS – Comunità Religiosa Islamica; the Islamic

Religious Community, Italy), H.E. Dr. Ahmet Shala (Ambassador of the Republic of Kosovo Ambassador in Tokyo, Japan), Dr. Sudibyo Markus (Executive Board of Muhammadiyah), Rizal Sukma, PhD (Executive Director of CSIS, the Centre for Strategic and International Studies), Dr. Meidyatama Suryodiningrat (Chief Editor, The Jakarta Post), Rev. Jacky Manuputty, MA (Maluku Interfaith Institute, Indonesia), Dr. Abidin Wakano (Maluku Interfaith Institute, Indonesia), Prof. Yusny Saby (Islamic Institute Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia), Dr. Muslahudin Daud (former activist of Aceh Referendum Information Center), Prof. Alexandra B. Carter (Professor of Law, Columbia Law School), Prof. Eunsouk Jung (Professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire), Dr. Rafiu Ibrahim Adebayo (Lecturer of Islamic Studies in the Department of Religions, University of Ilorin) and many other esteemed personalities representing organisations from various countries. uring the last session, Prof. Alexandra B. DCarter praised Maluku-based “peace provocateurs‟ program and underlines the critical role of active media in representing recognition of the involved parties. Rizal Sukma, PhD sums up by underlining the importance of strengthening the role of peace constituents such as NGO and religious organisations, and putting an end the role of “conflict entrepreneurs‟, who have been benefiting from the conflict.