Kapolri Jenderal Tito Karnavian Bicara Toleransi Beragama di Depan Tokoh Lintas Agama

KAPOLRI - Jenderal Pol. DR. H. M. Tito Karnavian, M.A.

Dialog Bersama KAPOLRI – Bapak Jenderal Pol. DR. H. M. Tito Karnavian, M.A., 4 Agustus 2016

Jakarta – Kapolri Jenderal Tito Karnavian berbicara soal toleransi antar umat beragama. Tito mengajak seluruh tokoh agama untuk memperkuat toleransi agar konflik dapat terhindarkan.

“Mengenai toleransi agama, ini jadi persoalan di negara kita, di negara atas dasar bineka tunggal ika. Tapi sekitar sudah 70 tahun merdeka, masih banyak permasalahan soal itu,” kata Tito.

Tito menyampaikan ini saat menjadi pembicara utama dalam acara ‘Dialog Bersama Kapolri’ yang digelar Center for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilisations (CDCC) di kantor CDCC, Jalan Kemiri, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat, Kamis (4/8/2016). Din Syamsuddin dan tokoh lintas agama lainnnya hadir dalam acara itu.

Tito menuturkan, soal yang menyangkut toleransi dan kerukunan agama seharusnya sudah selesai setelah Indonesia 70 tahun merdeka. Namun disayangkan terjadi kembali.

“Di satu sisi kita ingin membangun kerukunan beragama, tapi kita berhadapan dengan demokrasi liberal yang bolehkan kebebasan ekspresi, berserikat, mengeluarkan pendapat dan lainnya, jadinya semua bebas,” ujarnya.

Kata Tito, kebebasan itu termasuk bebas menjalankan agama menurut kepercayan masing-masing. Tapi kebebasan ini jadi ruang juga bagi kelompok lain untuk menyampaikan ketidaksukaannya.

“Konflik terberat dan paling bahaya adalah keagamaan, karena dianggap sebagai perintah Tuhan, jadi ada yang sampai berani mati,” ujarnya.

Namun begitu, kata Tito, lebih berbahaya lagi konflik politik dan ekonomi dikemas dengan agama. Hal itu masih terjadi di Indonesia.

“Iklim kebebasan ini mau dikemas seperti apa? kebebasan sebebas-bebasnya ditambah ada media sosial. kasus Tanjungbalai itu dari media sosial, bukan dari media konvensional. Jadi perlu solusi,” tuturnya.

Karena itu, kata Tito, ada beberapa persoalan yang harus menjadi perhatian. Pertama, bagaimana menghadapi gelombang demokrasi yang mengarah ke liberal. Kedua, pilar-pilar yang menegakkan Pancasila, Bhineka Tunggal Ika, agak meredup dalam praktiknya.

“Ini harus dikuatkan agar bisa tahan dari serbuan demokrasi liberal. Karena kalau tidak malah cerai berai,” tuturnya.
(idh/rvk)

Sumber: Detiknews.com

Executive Committee Meeting of The Asian Conference of Religions for Peace (ACRP) and International Seminar on Overcoming Violent Religious Extremism

acrp-1Bandung, 3-4 June 2015

The CDCC hosted the 9th Asian Conference of Religions for Peace (ACRP) and International Seminar on Overcoming Violent Religious Extremism. The first Asian Conference of Religions for Peace (ACRP) was convened in Singapore in 1976. Its origin traced back to WCRP II in Leuven, Belgium, in September 1974. The participating religious leaders from Asian countries were eager to hold a regional conference like those of the WCRP to illuminate Asian religious and cultural heritage and promote human dignity, justice, and peace in the Asia-Pacific region. Subsequent conferences have been held every five years or so; in Singapore (ACRPI) in 1976; New Delhi, India (ACRP II) in 1981; Seoul, South Korea (ACRP III), in 1986; Katmandu, Nepal (ACRP IV), in 1991; Ayutthaya, Thailand (ACRP IV), in 1996; and Yogyakarta, Indonesia (ACRP VI), in 2002. ACRP VII took place in October 2008 in Manila, the Philippines, with the theme “Peacemaking in Asia.” Unity and Harmony in Asia’ undoubtedly the foremost thought in everybody’s mind, forms the theme of the 8th General Assembly (ACRP VIII) being held at Songdo Convensia, Incheon, Republic of Korea, from 25-29 August 2014. The theme of the ACRP IX is Asian multi-religious action to overcome violent religious extremism.

The objective of this seminar and the meeting was to reassert the commitment of religions to peace and social harmony, dialogue and reconciliation among people by searching for common ground among eminent members of the ACRP on ways and strategies in overcoming violent religious extremism.

The international seminar was held on Wednesday, 3 June 2015 in the histrocial building of Gedung Merdeka in Bandung, West Java. The welcoming speech was delivered by Governor of West Java Dr (H.C.) H. Ahmad Heryawan, Lc, followed by  welcoming speech by President/Co-Moderator ACRP Prof. D. M. Din Syamsuddin, key note speech by Vice President of Republic of Indonesia His Excellency Drs. H. Jusuf Kalla, speech by Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia Mrs. Retno L.P. Marsudi. Lunch was hosted by Governor of West Java, Dr (H.C.) H. Ahmad Heryawan, Lc.

It was later followed by International Seminar on Asian Multi-religious Action to Overcome Violent Religious Extremism at Gedung Merdeka with speakers: Rev. Kyoichi Sugino, Deputy Secretary General, RfP International, Dr. Abdul Karim Hayder, RfP Iraq Coordinator, Venerable Dhammajothi, Secretary General, Sri Lanka Council of Religions for Peace, Al Haj U Aye Lwin, Chief Convener, Islamic Center of Myanmar; Co-Founder, RfP Myanmar, Dr. Lillian Sison, University of Santo Tomas; Secretary General, RfP Phillipines, Prof. Dr. Syafiq A. Mughni, Vice Chairman of Muhammadiyah. Moderator:  Ms. Grace Natalie. The international seminar was attended by around 200 participants including 50 core members of the ACRP from various countries. Later the dinner was hosted by hosted and speech by President of Religious and Cultural Association of Indonesia (RCAI) Mr. Paiman Mak including angklung musical performance at Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel, Bandung.

acrp-2On Thursday, 4 June 2015, the core members of the ACRP convened meeting to also reassert the commitment of religions to peace and social harmony, dialogue and reconciliation among people by searching for common ground among them on ways and strategies in overcoming violent religious extremism. The lunch for the participants was hosted by Regional Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia Mr. H. Irman Gusman, SE, MBA. The farewell dinner wa hosted by Vice Mayor of Bandung Mr. Oded Muhammad Danial.

The meeting concluded that they had to deliver a statement as follows:

We, the ACRP Executive Committee members, met for the annual meeting in the Beautiful City of Bandung, Indonesia from 1st-4th June 2015, which coincided with the 60th anniversary of the Asian-African Conference.  This is an exceptional meeting in the history of ACRP as we begun with the International Seminar on “Asian Multireligious Action to Overcome Violent Extremism” featuring the Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia H.E. M. Yusuf Kalla, Indonesia Foreign Minister Hon. Retno Marsudi and key religious leaders from all over Asia.

We are strongly concerned with the terrible acts of violent extremism in the name of religion, which threatens human life and disrupts the order of civil societythroughout the world. 

We condemn the extremists’ misuse and abuse of religion.

We acknowledge in humility that we are part of this problem directly and/or indirectly. 

We treat violent extremists not as our enemies but as companions towards achieving “unity and harmony” in our human family.

We believe that religion teaches love,compassion, peace, non-violence, justice, righteousness, and others.

We are convinced that all religions value the Golden Rule:  “Do to Others, what you want Others do to you”

We are called upon to fulfill our responsibility to stop extremism in the name of religion by incalculating religious common values in people, who hold extreme views.

We are determined to engage ourselves in our common action at the regional, national and local levels in overcoming violent extremism in the name of religion.  

We, therefore, commit to:

Support and partner with various stakeholders for the implementation of The Abu Dhabi Statement on Rejecting Violent Religious Extremism and Advancing Shared Well-being issued by Religions for Peace and Promoting Peace in Muslim Societies in December 2014.

Urge National Chapters to actively engage extremists in peace-making programs and activities through multi-religious action

Call on the government to create re-integration programs, in partnership with ACRP national chapters providing pastoral psychosocial counseling and spiritual healing, for those who have committed violent extremism.

Call on the Religions for Peace Asia and the Pacific Interfaith Youth Network (RfPAP-IYN)  to launch an Asian-wide campaign for “STOP VIOLENT EXTREMISM.”

Finally, we declare to transform ACRP into an action oriented multi-religious movement, which truly contributes to peace, justice and  human dignity  in Asia.

ACRP expresses deep gratitude to Hon. Dr. Ahmad Heryawan, L.c., the Governor of West Java, The Hon. Ridwan Kamil, the Mayor of Bandung, and the Center for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilizations for their invaluable contributions, encouragement and support for the success of the meeting.

We, therefore, commit to:

Support and partner with various stakeholders for the implementation of The Abu Dhabi Statement on Rejecting Violent Religious Extremism and Advancing Shared Well-being issued by Religions for Peace and Promoting Peace in Muslim Societies in December 2014.

Urge National Chapters to actively engage extremists in peace-making programs and activities through multi-religious action

Call on the government to create re-integration programs, in partnership with ACRP national chapters providing pastoral psychosocial counseling and spiritual healing, for those who have committed violent extremism.

Call on the Religions for Peace Asia and the Pacific Interfaith Youth Network (RfPAP-IYN)  to launch an Asian-wide campaign for “STOP VIOLENT EXTREMISM.”

Finally, we declare to transform ACRP into an action oriented multi-religious movement, which truly contributes to peace, justice and  human dignity  in Asia.

ACRP expresses deep gratitude to Hon. Dr. Ahmad Heryawan, L.c., the Governor of West Java, The Hon. Ridwan Kamil, the Mayor of Bandung, and the Center for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilizations for their invaluable contributions, encouragement and support for the success of the meeting.

Bandung, 4 June 2015

 

(Signed by)

The Leadership of the Asian Conference of Religions for Peace (ACRP)

Moderator:

Dr. Din Syamsuddin (Indonesia)

Secretary General:

Rev. Yoshitaka Hatakeyama (Japan)

Honorary President:

Dr. Mir Nawaz Khan Marwat (Pakistan)

Co-Presidents:

Master Chuanyin (China)

Prof. Desmond Cahill (Australia)

Rev. Nichiko Niwano  rep. by Keiichi Akagawa (Japan)

Mrs. Lourdes Mastura (Philippines)

Mr. N. Vasudevan (India)

Dr. Lilian Sison (Women Committee).

Executive Committee Members

Bangladesh
Dr. Kazi Nurul Islam
Principal Sukumal Barua

Cambodia
Ven. Yon SengYeath

China
Bishop Ma Yinglin
Master Xue Cheng
Ven. Ren. Farong
Imam Chen Guangyuan
Elder Fu Xianwei

India
Dr. Deepali Bhanot
Fr Bento Rodrigues
Mr. Abdul Mabood

Indonesia
Fr. Johannes Hariyanto , SJ
Prof. Philip Widjaja
Prof. M. Machasin
Rev. Ms. Elga Sarapung

Iraq
Haider Al-Hussaeimawi

Japan
Rev. Keiji Kunitomi
Megumi Wada

Republic of Korea
Rev. Kim Kwang Jun
Rev. Jung In Ho
Mr. Yang Deog Chang

Mogolia
Ven. Dr. T. Bulgan

Myanmar
U Mint Swe
Al-Haj U Aye Lwin

Malaysia
Dr. PoeyTiangPoew

Nepal
Manandhar Indira

Pakistan
Dr. Mir Nawaz Khan Marwat
Dr. Khalid Ikramullah Khan

Sri Lanka
Rev. Prof.  Medwachchiye Dhammajothi Thera

Thailand
Dr. Chanin Tongdhamachart Proxy to Kanchana Soonsawad
Ms. Warapon Pongthornpisut as a proxy for Prof. Kirti Bunchua

Religions for Peace International    
Rev. KyoichiSugino
Deepika Singh
Terence Ward

Roundtable Discussion: Internet Governance: Venturing into ICT-based Art of Diplomacy | Speaker: Dr. Jovan Kurbalija

RD - Internet GovernanceWhile technology is replacing or at least changing the nature of many functions and methods of traditional diplomacy such as routine consular activities, communications, and information gathering, at the same time it is leading us to re-assert the importance of other core issues and techniques, including language use, negotiation, and such elements where human creativity can be assisted but not replaced by machines. The Internet has reinforced the importance of texts as the key medium of modern human communication, in a variety of forms such as e-mail, websites, and hypertext-based documents. And for diplomacy texts have always been crucial: the richness and complexity of diplomatic activities, including negotiations, representation, social activities and media coverage is crystallised in texts – diplomatic documents. On a human level, information and communications technology (ICT) has increased opportunities for direct communication between people, making awareness and understanding of cultural differences in communication more and more important. At the same time, ICT is changing the way we use language to communicate: indirectly, as fast and personal communication leads to less formality; and directly, as we begin to explore new possibilities for enriching our communication with ICT-based tools.

Dr. Jovan Kurbalijais the founding director of DiploFoundation and head of the Geneva Internet Platform. He is a former diplomat with a professional and academic background in international law, diplomacy, and information technology. In 1992, he established the Unit for Information Technology and Diplomacy at the Mediterranean Academy of Diplomatic Studies in Malta. After more than ten years of training, research, and publishing, in 2002 the Unit evolved into DiploFoundation. Since 1994, DrKurbalijahas been teaching courses on the impact of ICT/ Internet on diplomacy and ICT/Internet governance. Currently, he is visiting lecturer at the College of Europe in Bruges and the University of St. Gallen.

A High-Level Summit of Buddhist-Muslim Leaders: Overcoming Extremism and Advancing Peace with Justice

Tbuddhist-muslimhe CDCC has supported the organizing of The High-level Summit of Buddhist and Muslim Leaders which was hosted by the Ulema Council of Indonesia (Majelis Ulama Indonesia) and the Indonesian Buddhist Association (WALUBI), in Yogyakarta and Borobudur Temple, 3-4 March 2015.

Previously, on 16th of June 2013, the International Network of Engagement Buddhists (INEB), the International Movement for a Just World (JUST) and Religions for Peace (RfP) organised a consultative meeting on “Contemporary Issues in Buddhist- Muslim Relations in South and South East Asia” in Bangkok, Thailand in partnership with the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) and Rissho Kosei- kai Bangkok Dharma Center. Participants comprising Buddhist and Muslim religious leaders from South and South East Asian countries recognized the following challenges facing the two communities in the region: 1). Rise of extremism, hate speeches, hate campaigns and instigation leading to religious discrimination and violence; 2). Prejudice, fear and hatred caused by ignorance, misperceptions, stereotypes, negative impact of traditional and social media, simplification and generalization of ethnic issues and communal pressures; 3). Misuse of religion by certain religious, political and other interest groups and individuals; 4). Socio economic dimensions of conflict; and 5). Spillover effects across the region.

One of the follow-ups is the formation of a permanent body named, “International

Forum on Buddhist-Muslim Relations (BMF).” The BMF Core Group comprises of Religions for Peace (RfP), International Network of Engaged Buddhists (INEB), International Movement for a Just World (JUST), and Persyarikatan Muhammadiyah (PM). The BMF conducted High-level Summit of Buddhist and Muslim Leaders in 3-4 March 2015 in Yogyakarta and Borobudur Temple in Indonesia in response to the misuse of religion in support of discrimination and violence, and to the rising social hostilities and inter-communal tensions in the region. BMF recognizes the need to address this challenge to achieve sustainable peace and harmony. As religious leaders continue to play an important socio-cultural role in the development of values in societies across Asia, they are able to play a significant role not only in increasing understanding of others among their people, but also in breaking down stereotypes and hatred that exist among them.

The Sri Lanka Council of Religion for Peace President, Ven. Bellanwila Wimalaratana Anunayake Thera said that they reject such abuse and pledge to counter extremist religious interpretations and actions with our authentic primary narratives of peace.He went on to point out the similarities between Islam and Buddhist teachings, including ideals of peace and compassion for all of mankind. The two religions not only respect human life, but the dignity of it as well, hoping to “ensure basic human rights without discriminating between race, color, language or religion.” Chandra Musaffar, the president of International Movement for a Just World, said, “If we want peace and justice, it is very important for Buddhists and Muslims to come together because these are two major world religions.” He added that they plan to use social and alternative media to boost positive messaging for the two religions.

The chairman for the Indonesian Ulema Council, Prof. Dr. Din Syamsuddin, who is also President of Muhammadiyah, said that extremism primarily developed through religious misunderstandings, hoping that the leaders of religious communities would spread the Yogyakarta Statement in their communities. Below is part of the Yogyakarta Statement:

We, Buddhist and Muslim leaders, recognizethat our followers have developed together a harmonious relationship, which has become the foundation for building peace and prosperity in many parts of the world. Buddhism and Islam share in their respective scriptures and other canonical texts the importance of holistic and positive peace, which encompasses the notions of inner peace, peace among humans, and peace with nature. We reaffirm that Islam and Buddhism are religions of mercy and compassion committed to justice for all humankind.  Both traditions respect the sacredness of life and inherent dignity of human existence, which is the foundation of all human rights without any distinction as to race, color, language, or religion.

We reject the abuse of our religions in support of discrimination and violence.  Buddhism and Islam have been misused by some for their own political purposes to fuel prejudice and stereotyping and to incite discrimination and violence.  We categorically reject such abuse and pledge to counter extremist religious interpretations and actions with our authentic primary narratives of peace.

We also recognize the need to strengthen governmental measures to prevent religiously motivated discrimination and violence. Based on universally accepted international legal instruments such as Article 20 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the United Nations Human Rights Council Resolution 16/18, we call on all states to take measures to fulfill their responsibilities to protect their citizens from religious and racial hatred, and incitement to discrimination and violence in the name of religion. Freedom of expression includes the obligation to respect each other. We reaffirm our fundamental common values shared by our respective scriptures and other canonical texts as follows: Religious Diversity and Peaceful Co-Existence, Universal Mercy and Compassion, Universal Justice, Human Dignity and Non-Violence , Living in Harmony with the Environment, Pluralism, Tolerance, and Religious Freedom,  Rejection of Hate, Hate Speech, Retaliation, and the Importance of Self-Introspection.

Based upon our shared core values mentioned above, We commit ourselves, through the facilitation of the core group of the International Forum on Buddhist Muslim Relations (BMF: International Network of Engaged Buddhists, International Movement for a Just World, Muhammadiyah and Religions for Peace)to implementing the agreed upon action plan and working to further strengthen BMF to serve as a platform for intra-religious and inter-religious initiatives in education & advocacy;enable rapid reaction/ solidarity visits/ early warning/ conflict prevention in the event of conflict;develop and provide tools and materials for constructive engagement and strategic common action, and; develop the effective use of media for positive messaging, particularly via social & alternative media.

World Interfaith Harmony Week: Together in Diversity and Multi-Religious Partnership for Sustainable Development

wihw-internationalFaith-based organisations around the world enthusiastically celebrated World Interfaith Harmony Week (WIHW). In Indonesia, under the theme of Together in Diversity, faith-based organisation such as Muhammadiyah, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), Persekutuan Gereja Indonesia or PGI (Church Council in Indonesia), Konferensi Waligereja Indonesia or KWI (Bishop Conference of Indonesia), Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia or PHDI (Indonesia Hinduism Society), Perwakilan Umat Budha Indonesia or WALUBI (Indonesian Buddhist Association), Majelis Tinggi Agama Konghucu or MATAKIN (Supreme Council for Confucian Religion in Indonesia), with the support of MPR-RI (People’s Consultative Assembly of Indonesia), MUI (Indonesia Ulama Council) and Centre for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilisations (CDCC) celebrated the World Interfaith Harmony Week in MPR-RI building in Jakarta. The Honorable Mr. Zulkifli Hasan, SE, MM, (Chairperson of MPR-RI), Ir. H.M. Iqbal Sulam (Chairman of Presidium of Indonesia Inter-Religious Council or IRC, Chairperson of Nahdlatul Ulama), Rev. Yr. Edy Purwanto, Pr (Presidium of IRC, Executive Secretary of KWI), Prof. Dr. Din Syamsuddin (Presidium of IRC, President of Muhammadiyah), Rev. Dr. Hendriette Lebang (Presidium of IRC, Chairperson of PGI), Ir. Arief Harsono, MM (Presidium of IRC, Chairperson of WALUBI), Major General (Ret.) S. N. Suwisna (Presidium of IRC, Chairperson of PHDI), Drs. Uung Sendana Linggaraja (Chairperson of MATAKIN), Alpha Amirrachman, PhD (CDCC Executive Director), Mr. Theophilus Bela (General Secretary of Indonesia Religion for Peace) attended the celebration, which showed very lively musical and drama performance by youth wings of the involved faith-based organisations. The performance reflects the interfaith relations in Indonesia and the perceived common challenges.

Simultaneously, the United Nations Headquarter in New York also celebrated the WIHW under the theme of Multi-Religious Partnership for Sustainable Development. Ms. Yayah Khisbiyah, Program Director of the CDCC, was invited to attend the special event of the President of the General Assembly World Interfaith Harmony Week in the United Nations Headquarter in New York, 6 February 2015. The WIHW was first proposed at the UN General Assembly in 2010 by H.M. King Abdullah II of Jordan. It was soon adopted by the UN and henceforth the first week of February is observed as WIHW. The WIHW is based on the pioneering work of The Common World Initiative. This initiative, which started in 2007, called for Muslim and Christian leaders to engage in a dialogue based on two common fundamental religious Commandments; Love of God, and Love of the Neighbour, without nevertheless compromising any of their own religious tenets. The Two commandments are at the heart of the three Monotheistic religions and therefore provide the most solid theological ground possible. The WIHW later extends the Two Commandments by adding ‘Love of the Good, and Love of the Neighbour’. This formula includes all people of goodwill. It includes those of other faiths, and those with no faith. Youth Representative of the Parliament to the United Nations DPI NGO Ms. Sara Rahim delivered the youth keynote speech on the occasion of WIHW, along with Rev. Vandley from the Religions for Peace (RfP) and other noted interfaith leaders.

Roundtable Discussion: The Development of Islam and Social Media in Indonesia by Martin Slama, PhD

martin_salama

Rountable Discussion | Perkembangan Islam dan Media Sosial di Indonesia

Centre for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilisations (CDCC) was honored with the visit of Austrian anthropologist Martin Slama, PhD, whose work on Indonesia’s Islam is widely known. Dr. Martin is researcher at the Institute for Social Anthropology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, and lecturer at the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Vienna. Dr. Martin presented his preliminary work on the development of Islam and social media in Indonesia during a roundtable discussion held on Thursday, 8 January 2015, at CDCC Office. The discussion covered the influence of the use of social media on the development of Islam in Indonesia. The social media are Facebook, BBM, WhatsApp, Twitter, etc, in which Dr. Martin tried connect those with the religious activities such as Qur’an recitation and majlis ta’lim. Dr. Martin tried to propose a question with regard to the possible consequences with the construction of religious authority when social media penetrate into religious activities in Indonesia. What is the shape of Islam being presented in the new social public sphere and who mostly inhibit the space? Are we talking about new preachers and the construction of new mapping of preaching in Indonesia? Dr. Martin also tried to analyse recent famous religious activities, which strongly depend on the use of social media, such as ODOJ (One Day One Juz), particularly on the aspects of the influence on the formation of religious communities and how people manage and adjust themselves to be accepted in the newly established communities. Dr. Martin argued that social media can become a new public sphere to express religious identities and how religious mobility can have a new meaning. The objective of Dr. Martin’s presentation is to provide us with a preliminary illustration of the development of Islam and the use of social media in Indonesia, which might result in a perspective questioning the existing categorizations usually being referred to in describing Indonesia’s Islam. Alpha Amirrachman, PhD, CDCC Executive Director, acted as a moderator of the discussion.

martin_salama1Dr. Martin has a wide experience in researching Indonesia’s Islam. From September 2011 till February 2012 he was visiting fellow at the Department of Anthropology, Australian National University. In 2007/08 he was guest researcher at the Centre for the Study of Religion and Culture, State Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta (12 months), and in 2004/05 guest researcher at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta (12 months). He is APART (Austrian Programme for Advanced Research and Technology) grant holder with the project “Among National Elites and Local Muslims. The Hadhrami Diaspora in Contemporary Indonesia” (January 2010 – April 2013). His research interests include anthropology of Southeast Asia (esp. Indonesia), Islam in Southeast Asia, diaspora and transnationalism, communication technologies and social media, multiple modernities, youth cultures. Some of his selected publications were “’Coming Down to the Shop’: Trajectories of Hadhrami Women into Indonesian Public Realms”, The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology 13 (4), 313–333, 2012. Before presenting his preliminary work at CDCD, he presented his work at the Research and Training Department of the Minister of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia. The audience during the roundtable discussion at CDCC included inter-faith activists and journalists.

Roundtable Discussion: Charlie Hebdo’s Tragedy | Speaker: Andreas Harsono and Andar Nubowo

Charlie Hebdo TragedyCentre for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilisations (CDCC) conducted a very timely roundtable discussion on Charlie Hebdo’s tragedy, on Thursday, 15 January 2015 at CDCC office. Indeed, the world was visibly shaken when on the morning of 7 January 2015, at about 11:30 local time, two masked gunmen armed with assault rifles and other weapons forced their way into the offices of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris. They fired up to 50 shots, killing eleven people and injuring eleven others during their attack. They then killed a French National Police officer shortly after. The killers were outraged over the cartoon of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) published by the magazine. A massive manhunt led to the discovery on 9 January of the suspects, brothers Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, who exchanged fire with police. The brothers took hostages at a signage company in Dammartin-en-Goële, and were gunned down when they emerged firing from the building. The roundtable discussion at CDCC invited Indonesia’s prominent journalist Andreas Harsono and Indonesia’s intellectual Andar Nubowo who was educated in France, who was also Executive Director of IndoStrategi. Alpha Amirrachman, PhD (CDCC Executive Director) acted as a moderator during the discussion.

Andreas Harsono has covered Indonesia for Human Rights Watch since 2008. Before joining Human Rights Watch, he helped found the Jakarta-based Institute for the Studies on Free Flow of Information in 1995, and in 2003 he helped create the Pantau Foundation, a journalist training organisation also based in Jakarta. A staunch backer of the free press, Harsono also helped establish Jakarta’s Alliance of Independent Journalists in 1994 and Bangkok’s South East Asia Press Alliance in 1998. Harsono began his career as a reporter for the Bangkok-based Nationand the Kuala Lumpur-based Star newspapers, and he edited Pantau, a monthly magazine on media and journalism in Jakarta. In Indonesian Malay, his published books include Jurnalisme Sastrawi: Antologi Liputan Mendalam dan Memikat (with Budi Setiyono) and“Agama” Saya Adalah Jurnalisme.Andar Nubowo received master’s degree in political science from dari Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS) in Paris, France, and from 2010 has been pursuing PhD at the same university. Andar was Program Director at Lembaga Sudi Islam dan Politik in Yogayakarta (2005-2006), Manager of Program People Voters Education Netwwork-The Asia Foundation (2004-2006), President of Paris-based Muhammadiyah branch. His publications include The History of Al-Qur’an: Investigation into Political Motive of the Collection of of Mushaf Usmani (2004), Political Education for Young Voters (2004), Building Anti-Corruption Movement through the Perspective of Education (2004) and Reading the Nature, Reading the Verse (2004). Currently he is Executive Director of IndoStrategi, which conducts research on politics and development, and also lecturer at Public Islamic University (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Some critical questions were raised during the roundtable discussion, which was heavily attended by religious figures, inter-faith activists and media people: How to navigate press freedom in multicultural society in two different contexts, East and West? How far the dynamics of religious life could tolerate criticism and satire, which were directed not only at social-religious activities, but also at theological dimensions? Are social critique and satire effective democratic tools in peace and civilization building? Or on the contrary, a burden, which obstructs dialogue and social-relation of multicultural society? How far could social critiques and satire penetrate into the psychology of particular religious communities, which are ruled by sacredness and dignity of religious figures? How could democracy accommodate religious authority and freedom of expression, particularly when they go hand-in-hand between the line of secular and religious life? Many of the questions were left unanswered but the heated debate during the roundtable discussion indicates Indonesia’s healthy tradition of resolving disagreement through peaceful dialogues.

Roundtable Discussion: Threat of Islamophobia in Europe: Special Focus on Belgium by Laurie Hastir

Roundtable_Discussion_with_Laurie

The CDCC invited Ms. Laurie Hastir, Co-founder of the Collective Against Islamophobia in Belgium, as a resource person for the Roundtable Discussion entitled “Threat of Islamophobia in Europe: Special Focus on Belgium”, on the 2nd of December 2014. Islamophobia is described as an exaggerated fear, hatred, and hostility toward Islam and Muslims that is perpetuated by negative stereotypes resulting in bias, discrimination, and the marginalization and exclusion of Muslims from social, political and civic life. Ms. Hastir further discussed that although “Islamophobia” is widely used, it is still a controversial term in some Western countries, where both of the term and the underlying concept have been criticized. For example, some researchers argue that the word holds in itself a prohibition or fear of criticizing of Radical Islam. Islamophobia existed in premise before the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. In the early 1900’s, the word “Islamophobia” is first used to refer to hatred of Muslims by non-Muslims, but it increased in frequency and notoriety during the past decade, especially after terror attacks. Today, more people claim that Islam is incompatible with democracy or hostile to modernity and the rights of women. Stereotypes also depict Muslims as opposed to the West. The organisation that Ms. Hastir co-founded, Collective Against Islamophobia in Belgium helps monitor Islamophobic acts in Belgium, helps victims in administrative and legal procedures, supports recognition of Islamophobia in Belgian law, works to ensure the inclusion of women in higher education and the job market, by ways of providing an ‘hot line’ for victims and legal/administrative advices, establishing permanent contact with decision makers and the media, collaborating with scholars and lecturers to provide better knowledge on Islamophobia, and participating and initiating events to raise awareness on Islamophobia. Ms. Yayah  Khisbiyah, a newly appointed Program Director of the CDCC, acted as a moderator during the roundtable discussion, which was well-attended by many inter-faith activists.

The 5th World Peace Forum: Quest for Peace: Lessons of Conflict Resolution

The Central Board of Muhammadiyah in collaboration with Cheng Ho Multiculture and Education Trust of Malaysia, with the support from the Centre for Dialogue and Cooperation among Civilisations (CDCC) have organised World Peace Forum (WPF) four times since 2006. Under the spirit of One Humanity, One Destiny, and One Responsibility, religious leaders, policy makers, intellectuals, politicians, and activists from various backgrounds and nationalities engaged in productive dialogues following their commitment to create a safer and more peaceful world for all mankind. To sustain this commitment, Muhammadiyah, Cheng Ho Multicultural and Education Trust of Malaysia, and CDCC organised the 5th WPF. While the previous WPF focused on consolidating multicultural democracy, the 5th WPF focused on Quest for Peace: Sharing Lessons from Conflict Resolution. It should be noted that consolidating multicultural democracy in both advanced and emerging democracies, particularly in conflict-torn areas, has always been challenged at the first place with efforts to design and implement conflict resolution. This conflict resolution, which is conceptualised as the methods and process involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and retribution, is prerequisite to the reconciliation of the conflicting parties over their dispute on values, motivations, perceptions, ideas, or desires. Various conflict-prone parts of the world such as Kosovo in southeastern Europe, Pattani in Southern Thailand, Mindanao in Southern Philippines, Lebanon, Aceh and Ambon in Indonesia, Central Africa, Nigeria and the case of Buddhist-Muslim relation in Myanmar’s democratic consolidation have seen successes and failures in varying degrees in their conflict resolution efforts. This conflict resolution took place in the forms of political settlement and peace agreement, which included declaration of ceasefire, decommissioning of weapon, troops withdrawal, and police reform. Some of the cases of conflict resolution have brought up determination and optimism over their successes, other long-lasting frustration over their failures among involved governments, peace organisations, experts and activists. These successes and failures are in essence crucial as lessons learned in our efforts to search for lasting peace. This is, in turn, necessary to ensure that everyone can be persuaded to be dutifully committed to have common perception of how peaceful relationship and productive interaction with one another is managed, nurtured, and sustained. Indeed, while every case and context of conflict resolution may provide us with distinctive and unique challenges, lessons learned should be shared among the engaging parties because these can be strategic to create safer and more peaceful world.

The 5th WPF addressed the following issues: – Why does conflict resolution matter?,  – To what extent can conflict resolution serve as a basis for establishing long-lasting peace?, – What can we learn from successes and failures of conflict resolution designed and implemented in various parts of the world?, – How can we promote the principles of process and methods of conflict resolution in bringing peace to conflict-torn areas around the world? The 5th WPF is aimed at: [a] Contributing to peacebuilding and peacemaking through sharing lessons learned from conflict resolutions that influence peace processes among engaging parties,  peace  practitioners,  and policy makers. [b] Extending peace networks through entrenching the ongoing collection of best practices of conflict resolutions among stakeholders.

Participants of the three-day Forum include government leaders, peace organisations, religious leaders, policy makers, intellectuals, peace practitioners, from international and national levels.

The official opening was held at the building of MPR-RI (People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia) with the courtesy of the Honorable Mr. Zulkifli Hasan, SE, MM, Chairperson of MPR-RI. His Excellency Drs. Jusuf Kalla (Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia), the Honorable Mr. Zulkifli Hasan, SE, MM, the Honorable Drs. Lukman Hakim SaIfuddin, MA (Mister of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia), Prof. Dr. Din Syamsuddin (President of Muhammadiyah, Chairman of CDCC), Tan Sri Lee Kim Yew (Chairman of Cheng Ho Multiculture and Education Trust, Malaysia) delivered their opening speeches during the opening ceremony, which was also attended by ambassadors of friendly countries. The Honorable Mr. Setya Novanto, SE (Chairman of House of Representatives of the Republic Indonesia) also delivered a welcoming speech during a banquet honoring the participation of the Forum. During the very first session, the Honorable Mrs. Retno L.P. Marsudi, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia delivered her keynote address with introduction by Dr. Abdul Mu’ti, M.Ed., Secretary of Executive Board of Muhammadiyah. During her speech, the Minister of Foreign Affairs said, “It should be kept in mind that in every county conflict has its own characters and every conflict has a window of opportunity. Preventing conflict is not expensive, and leadership has an important role.”

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Esteemed speakers and participants include Prof. Dr. Din Syamsuddin (President of Muhammadiyah, Chairman of CDCC), Tan Sri Lee Kim Yew (Cheng Ho Multi Culture Education Trust, Malaysia), Prof. Desmond Cahill (RMIT, Australia), Dr. Claudio Mario Betti (Italy), Rev. Yoshitaka T. Hatakeyama (Secretary General, Asian Conference of Religions for Peace – ACRP, Japan), Rev. Kyoichi Sugino (Deputy Secretary General, Religions for Peace), U Myin Shwe (Religions for Peace, Myanmar), Jeremy Jones (Australian National Dialogue of Christians, Muslims and Jews), Dr. Valeria Martano (Community of Sant’Egidio, Italy), Prof. Mitsuo Nakamura (Professor Emeritus, Chiba University, Japan), Prof. Ismail Won Sam (Sun Moon Center for Islamic Studies, South Korea), U Pannasiha (Buddhist monk and scholar, Myanmar),  Mrs. Teresia Quintos-Deles (Presidential Adviser on Peace Process, the Philippines), Mrs. Amina Rasul-Bernardo, (President and co-founder of the Philippine Centre for Islam and Democracy), Prof. Sukree Langputeh (Fatoni University, Thailand), Prof. Mike Hardy (Coventry University, UK), Imam Yahya Sergio Yahe Pallavicini (Vice President of COREIS – Comunità Religiosa Islamica; the Islamic Religious Community, Italy), H.E. Dr. Ahmet Shala (Ambassador of the Republic of Kosovo Ambassador in Tokyo, Japan), Dr. Sudibyo Markus (Executive Board of Muhammadiyah), Rizal Sukma, PhD (Executive Director of CSIS, the Centre for Strategic and International Studies), Dr. Meidyatama Suryodiningrat (Chief Editor, The Jakarta Post), Rev. Jacky Manuputty,  MA (Maluku Interfaith Institute, Indonesia), Dr. Abidin Wakano (Maluku Interfaith Institute, Indonesia), Prof. Yusny Saby (Islamic Institute Ar-Raniry, Banda Aceh, Indonesia), Dr. Muslahudin Daud (former activist of Aceh Referendum Information Center), Prof. Alexandra B. Carter (Professor of Law, Columbia Law School), Prof. Eunsouk Jung (Professor of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire), Dr. Rafiu Ibrahim Adebayo (Lecturer of Islamic Studies in the Department of Religions, University of Ilorin) and many other esteemed personalities representing organisations from various countries.

During the last session, Prof. Alexandra B. Carter praised Maluku-based “peace provocateurs‟ program and underlines the critical role of active media in representing recognition of the involved parties. Rizal Sukma, PhD sums up by underlining the importance of strengthening the role of peace constituents such as NGO and religious organisations, and putting an end the role of “conflict entrepreneurs‟, who have been benefiting from the conflict.

 

Public Discussion: Islam and Buddhism in Southeast Asia: From Coexistence to Dialogue by Prof. Imtiyaz Yusuf

Public Discussion with Prof Imtiyaz Yusuf

Recent conflict and ongoing tension between Buddhists and Muslims in Myanmar have highlighted the importance of fostering dialogue between the conflicting communities. The CDCC is honoured with the visit of Prof. Imtiyaz Yusuf, Director of the Center for Buddhist-Muslim Understanding in the College of Religious Studies at Mahidol University in Thailand. He was here to give a talk on the initiative of dialogue between Islam and Buddhism through the Islamic concept of ummatan wasatan (Middle Nation) and the Buddhist concept of majjhima-patipada (Middle Way) as a means to build understanding and harmony in Asian societies. In this age of globalization when physical barriers between various societies in terms of material culture are virtually being eliminated there is an urgent need for dialogue between monotheistic religious traditions and Buddhism. It is imperative that this dialogue takes place for it is likely to generate mutual understanding and respect between the followers of these two categories of religion. Najib Burhani, PhD, a well-known scientist from Indonesia Science Institute (LIPI), who is an expert on Ahmadiyah, acted as a moderator during the discussion. Many inter-faith activists and several dignitaries from embassies of friendly countries also attended the discussion.

Prof. Imtiyaz Yusuf is Lecturer and Director of the Center for Buddhist-Muslim Understanding in the College of Religious Studies at Mahidol University in Thailand. He specializes in Religion with a focus on Islam in Thailand and Southeast Asia and also Muslim-Buddhist dialogue. In 2009-2010, he was visiting Associate Professor and Malaysia Chair of Islam in Southeast Asia at ACMCU, Georgetown University, Washington DC. Prof. Yusuf has contributed to the Oxford Encyclopedia of Islamic World (2009); Oxford Dictionary of Islam (2003); Encyclopedia of Qur’an (2002); and Oxford Encyclopedia of Modern Islamic World (1995). He was also the special Editor, The Muslim World – A Special Issue on Islam and Buddhism Vol. 100, Nos 2-3 April/July 2010. His most recent publication is, “Islam and Buddhism: From Coexistence to Dialogue” in Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Interreligious Dialogue Catherine Cornille ed. (Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell, In, 2013), Chapter 22. Prof. Yusuf often writes on Islam, religion and Middle East for The Nation (Bangkok).